CLASS 6 - DIVISION 6.2 – INFECTIOUS SUBSTANCES

Class 6, Division 6.2 substances are divided into two specific categories:

 

Category A. An infectious substance which is transported in a form that, when exposure to it occurs, is capable of causing permanent disability, life-threatening or fatal disease in otherwise healthy humans or animals is classified as a Category A substance and must be assigned to: 

  • UN 2814: INFECTIOUS SUBSTANCE, AFFECTING HUMANS if it causes disease in both humans and animals, or to

  • UN 2900: INFECTIOUS SUBSTANCE, AFFECTING ANIMALS if it causes disease in animals only.

Category B. Infectious substances that are unlikely to cause disease in humans or animals, with the exception of clinical and medical waste containing infectious substances in Category B (see following) are classified as Category B substances and are assigned to:

  • UN 3373: BIOLOGICAL SUBSTANCE, CATEGORY B 

Infectious substances are substances which are known or are reasonably expected to contain pathogens. Pathogens are defined as microorganisms (including bacteria, viruses, rickettsia, parasites, fungi) or genetically modified microorganisms that are known, or reasonably believed, to cause disease in humans or animals. (Note. Genetically Modified Microorganisms which do not meet the criteria of an infectious substance are classified as Class 9, "Miscellaneous Dangerous Goods.")

Biological products are derived from living organisms and divided into the following groups: (a) Those which are manufactured and packaged in accordance with the requirements of appropriate national authorities and transported for the purposes of final packaging or distribution, and use for personal health care by medical professionals or individuals, e.g vaccines. Substances in this group are not subject to the ADG Code. (b) Those which do not fall under (a) and are known or reasonably believed to contain infectious substances and which meet the criteria for assignment to UN 2814, UN 2900, or UN 3373, as appropriate.

Cultures (laboratory stocks) are the result of a process by which pathogens are intentionally propagated.

Patient specimens are human or animal materials collected directly from humans or animals, including, but not limited to, excreta, secreta, blood and its components, tissue and tissue fluid swabs, and body parts being transported for purposes such as research, diagnosis, investigational activities, disease treatment and prevention. 

Medical or clinical wastes are wastes derived from the medical treatment of animals or humans or from bio-research. Medical or clinical wastes containing Category A infectious substances must be assigned to UN 2814 or UN 2900 as appropriate.

  • Medical waste means solid waste containing Category A infectious substances generated from the medical treatment of humans or the veterinary treatment of animals, and not including waste from bio-research or liquid waste.

  • In NSW, under Exemption Order No. 007/17 published by SafeWork NSW, Category A medical waste must be packed for road transport in a triple packaging system consisting of: 1) an inner packaging being a plastic bag closed and sealed such that it is capable of retaining liquids under normal conditions of transport, and 2) an intermediate packaging being a plastic bag closed and sealed such that it is capable of retaining liquids under normal conditions of transport, each with a maximum permitted net mass of 30 kg, and 3) a rigid outer packaging being a UN approved 1H2 removable head plastic drum, or 4H2 solid plastic box, approved to not less than a Packing Group II level for solids, and capable of retaining liquids under normal conditions of transport, and 4) absorbent material within the inner or intermediate packaging in sufficient quantity to absorb all residual liquid present in the Category A medical waste.

  • In NSW, under Exemption Order No. 007/17, Category A medical waste must be consigned with terms it be destroyed within 24 hours of collection, so far as is reasonably practicable.

  • In NSW a copy of Exemption Order No. 007/17 must be provided by the consignor to the driver with each load of Category A medical waste.

  • Medical or clinical wastes containing infectious substances in Category B or which are reasonably believed to have a low probability of containing infectious substances must be assigned to: UN 3291: CLINICAL WASTE, UNSPECIFIED,  N.O.S or (BIO) MEDICAL WASTE,  N.O.S or REGULATED MEDICAL WASTE, N.O.S

  • Decontaminated medical or clinical wastes which previously contained infectious substances are not subject to the ADG Code unless they meet the criteria for inclusion in another class.

All infectious substances must be assigned to UN 2814, UN 2900, UN 3291, or UN 3373, as appropriate.

Commonly transported Division 6.2 substances

  1. Biological cultures

  2. Biological samples

  3. Biological specimens

  4. Biomedical waste

  5. Clinical waste

  6. Genetically Modified Micro-organisms

  7. Genetically Modified Organisms

  8. Medical cultures

  9. Medical samples

  10. Medical specimens

  11. Medical waste