TRANSPORT OF SAMPLES IN AUSTRALIA
NOTE: Dangerous goods that are transported under "not otherwise specified" (N.O.S) names are assigned the Special Provision 274. SP274 stipulates that generic or N.O.S names shall be supplemented with the technical name (in brackets) after the shipping name N.O.S entry.
The following is edited from the Australian Dangerous Goods Code Version 7.6 (2017)
When the hazard class of a substance is uncertain and it is being transported for further testing, a tentative hazard class, proper shipping name and identification number must be assigned on the basis of the consignor's knowledge of the substance and application of:
(a) the classification criteria of the ADG; and
(b) the precedence of hazards described in 2.0.3 of the ADG.
The most severe packing group possible for the proper shipping name chosen must be used.
Where this provision is used the proper shipping name must be supplemented with the word “SAMPLE” (e.g., FLAMMABLE LIQUID, N.O.S. SAMPLE).
In certain instances, where a specific proper shipping name is provided for a sample of a substance considered to meet certain classification criteria (e.g. GAS SAMPLE, NON-PRESSURISED, FLAMMABLE, UN 3167) that proper shipping name must be used. When an N.O.S. entry is used to transport the sample, the proper shipping name need not be supplemented with the technical name as required by special provision 274.
Samples of the substance must be transported in accordance with the requirements applicable to the tentative assigned proper shipping name provided:
(a) the substance is not considered to be a substance prohibited for transport as listed in the ADG or the Regulations;
(b) the substance is not considered to meet the criteria for Class 1 or considered to be an infectious substance or a radioactive material;
(c) Samples of unlisted self-reactive substances or formulations of self-reactive substances for which a complete set of test results is not available and which are to be transported for further testing or evaluation, may be assigned to one of the appropriate entries for self-reactive substances type C provided the following conditions are met:
(i) the available data indicate that the sample would be no more dangerous than self reactive substances type B;
(ii) the sample is packaged in accordance with packing method OP2 (see applicable packing instruction) and the quantity per cargo transport unit is limited to 10 kg; and
(iii) the available data indicate that the control temperature, if any, is sufficiently low to prevent any dangerous decomposition and sufficiently high to prevent any dangerous phase separation.
or samples of new organic peroxides or new formulations of organic peroxides not already listed for which complete test data are not available and which are to be transported for further testing or evaluation, may be assigned to one of the appropriate entries for ORGANIC PEROXIDE TYPE C provided the following conditions are met:
(i) The available data indicate that the sample would be no more dangerous than ORGANIC PEROXIDE TYPE B;
(ii) The sample is packaged in accordance with packing method OP2 (see applicable packing instruction) and the quantity per cargo transport unit is limited to 10 kg;
(iii) The available data indicate that the control temperature, if any, is sufficiently low to prevent any dangerous decomposition and sufficiently high to prevent any dangerous phase separation.
(d) the sample is transported in a combination packaging with a net mass per package not exceeding 2.5 kg; and
(e) the sample is not packed together with other goods.
When a sample of an organic peroxide or a self-reactive substance is transported, a statement to this effect must be included in the dangerous goods transport document.
Guidance on the transport of Class 6, Division 6.2 pathological samples may be found in the latest edition of “Requirements for the Packaging and Transport of Pathology Specimens and Associated Materials” from National Pathology Accreditation Advisory Council (NPAAC).
Environmental samples (including food and water samples) which are not considered to pose a significant risk of infection are not subject to the ADG unless they meet the criteria for inclusion in another class. Blood or blood components which have been collected for the purposes of transfusion or for the preparation of blood products to be used for transfusion or transplantation and any tissues or organs intended for use in transplantation as well as samples drawn in connection with such purpose are also not subject to the ADG.
Samples of new or existing explosive substances or articles may be transported as directed by the competent authorities for purposes including: testing, classification, research and development, quality control, or as a commercial sample. Explosive samples which are not wetted or desensitised must be limited to 10 kg in small packages as specified by the competent authorities. Explosive samples which are wetted or desensitised must be limited to 25 kg.